diet

Tuesday, May 1st, 2018

Dietary intake and age at natural menopause: results from the UK Women’s Cohort Study

Methods Study participants were women aged 40–65 years who had experienced a natural menopause from the UK Women’s Cohort Study between baseline and first follow-up. Natural menopause was defined as the permanent cessation of menstrual periods for at least 12 consecutive months. A food frequency questionnaire was used to estimate diet at baseline. Reproductive history of participants was also recorded. Regression modelling, adjusting for confounders, was used to assess associations between diet and age at natural menopause.

Results During the 4-year follow-up period, 914 women experienced a natural menopause. A high intake of oily fish and fresh legumes were associated with delayed onset of natural menopause by 3.3 years per portion/day (99% CI 0.8 to 5.8) and 0.9 years per portion/day (99% CI 0.0 to 1.8), respectively. Refined pasta and rice was associated with earlier menopause (per portion/day: −1.5 years, 99% CI −2.8 to −0.2). A higher intake of vitamin B6 (per mg/day: 0.6 years, 99% CI 0.1 to 1.2) and zinc (per mg/day: 0.3 years, 99% CI −0.0 to 0.6) was also associated with later age at menopause. Stratification by age at baseline led to attenuated results.

Conclusion Our results suggest that some food groups (oily fish, fresh legumes, refined pasta and rice) and specific nutrients are individually predictive of age at natural menopause.

This is an Open Access article distributed in accordance with the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) license, which permits others to distribute, remix, adapt and build upon this work, for commercial use, provided the original work is properly cited. See: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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Sunday, May 6th, 2012

Top Ten tips for Preconception Care

Tips are  for both men and women

1. Start thinking about planning for your baby 4-6 months before you decide to conceive

2. Get checked out for any gynaecological problems and check with your GP that any medication you are on is safe during pregnancy.  Make sure you are immune to rubella and check whether you are a carrier of sickle-cell anaemia or thalassaemia.

3. Ensure any chronic medical conditions are as best controlled as possible such as diabetes, hypothyroid, blood pressure

4. Have a healthy balanced diet which contain all the essential food groups (milk, protein, fruit and veg, starches)

5. Follow a sensible weight loss diet if you need to lose weight; no more than 1-2 lbs a week.

6. Make sure you are active for at least 1/2 hour every day

7. Do not take any recreational drugs and do not smoke.  Drink sensibly; women should try and have no more than one unit/day if possible

8. Avoid environmental pollutants and take care with food hygiene such as avoiding undercooked eggs, unpasteurized and blue veined cheeses.  Wash your hands after handling pets and wear gloves when gardening.  Avoid pates and liver.

9. Although eating some oily fish every week is good, do not have more than two portions a week.  Of this have no more than 4 medium sized cans or two tuna steaks a week and avoid eating shark, marlin and swordfish

10. Women should take a 400 ug supplement of folic acid daily. Avoid any other supplements, especially vitamin A,  and herbal treatments, unless advised by a qualified medical practitioner

 

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Wednesday, April 25th, 2012

Diet, lifestyle and menstrual health

Diet can have a positive effect on every stage of a woman’s life. So that whether she is premenstrual, going through the menopause, post menopusal or pregnant, a healthy diet and lifestyle can smooth the way! This presentation gives an outline on how diet and lifestyle can have that positive effect.

click here to view the presentation

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