Combination of omega-3 and vitamin D may benefit PCOS patients: Iranian RCT

Combination of omega-3 and vitamin D may benefit PCOS patient

 By Cheryl Tay

Combined supplementation of vitamin D and omega-3 can benefit women suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), say researchers in Iran.  It is believed that the combined supplements have an anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effect, but further investigation is needed to confirm.

HTTPS://WWW.NUTRAINGREDIENTS.COM/ARTICLE/2018/06/19/COMBINATION-OF-OMEGA-3-AND-VITAMIN-D-MAY-BENEFIT-PCO

Low vitamin D may be linked to fertility and miscarriage risk – especially after prior pregnancy loss

Women with sufficient levels of vitamin D may be more likely to become pregnant and have a live birth, compared to women with insufficient levels of the vitamin, say researchers.

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Dietary intake and age at natural menopause: results from the UK Women’s Cohort Study

Methods Study participants were women aged 40–65 years who had experienced a natural menopause from the UK Women’s Cohort Study between baseline and first follow-up. Natural menopause was defined as the permanent cessation of menstrual periods for at least 12 consecutive months. A food frequency questionnaire was used to estimate diet at baseline. Reproductive history of participants was also recorded. Regression modelling, adjusting for confounders, was used to assess associations between diet and age at natural menopause.

Results During the 4-year follow-up period, 914 women experienced a natural menopause. A high intake of oily fish and fresh legumes were associated with delayed onset of natural menopause by 3.3 years per portion/day (99% CI 0.8 to 5.8) and 0.9 years per portion/day (99% CI 0.0 to 1.8), respectively. Refined pasta and rice was associated with earlier menopause (per portion/day: −1.5 years, 99% CI −2.8 to −0.2). A higher intake of vitamin B6 (per mg/day: 0.6 years, 99% CI 0.1 to 1.2) and zinc (per mg/day: 0.3 years, 99% CI −0.0 to 0.6) was also associated with later age at menopause. Stratification by age at baseline led to attenuated results.

Conclusion Our results suggest that some food groups (oily fish, fresh legumes, refined pasta and rice) and specific nutrients are individually predictive of age at natural menopause.

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